Approximately ３５ percent of the Earth’s total land surface area is comprised of
arid and semi-arid regions.
The effects of climate change on our planet are
unfortunately taking their toll with now many more new places
globe recently becoming parched when formerly rainfall and water for daily use
Hallo, eco-friendly viewers, welcome to Planet Earth:
Our Loving Home. On today’s program, we’ll introduce some crops that require
little to no water to cultivate. Farming in such a manner is called 『dry
farming.』 We are delighted to take you to Bình Thuận province, in Central Âu Lạc
(Vietnam) to see how Aulacese (Vietnamese) farmers are planting these types of
drought-resistant crops in water-scarce environments.
Âu Lạc (Vietnam)
is a tropical country. There are only two seasons per year, dry season and rainy
season. The dry season lasts from November to May.
There is very little
precipitation during these months. This time period is not ideal for
conventional agricultural production. However, after years of practice, the wise
Aulacese (Vietnamese) people have found the suitable vegetables and herbs and
the right farming techniques which lead to plentiful harvests
there is no water to be found.
The successes of the farmers in Bình
Thuận province demonstrates that it is possible to practice high-yield,
sustainable agriculture in the many areas around the world which are facing
Let’s now meet some of these able
Tiến(m): In this dry season, we grow green pea, peanut,
and creamy beans, because they’re drought resistant. As for turn-around time,
peanuts take from １００-１１５ days, creamy beans and green peas take about ６０-６５
days to harvest. So wherever there is a shortage of water, we can grow these.
SupremeMasterTV: Do you irrigate when
growing these beans？
Diễm: No.SupremeMasterTV: You don’t water them at all？ (No, not
at all.) Are there a lot of locals around here cultivating these
Diễm: A lot, from here to there, there are many！ Each
family has ５０００, ２０００, ３０００ square meters… My family’s cultivating about ４０００
square meters of beans.SupremeMasterTV:
What crops are you cultivating now？
Bằng (m): I am growing black
sesame.SupremeMasterTV: For this black
sesame, do you need to water？
Bằng (m): For this black sesame, you
don’t need to water. If we water, it dies. It doesn’t like water.
English): The cost of cultivating these types of drought resistant crops is very
low and the method is also relatively easy. SupremeMasterTV: Please let us know what you are
Yến (f): I’m planting sweet potato leaves. SupremeMasterTV: When growing this plant, do you
Yến (f): No, not at all, watering is a lot of work！ No
fertilizer at all. Just grow and eat, you need neither fertilizer nor
irrigation.SupremeMasterTV: How about
Yến (f): No. No fertilizer, no
Thái (m): It’s very simple！ You just rake the soil with this
hoe to loosen the soil, then we put down the sweet potatoes’ roots, then cover
it with １５ to ２０ centimeters of soil just normally. Later, it grows and crawls
out like this, no need to water. Because it’s the highland here！ Because in the
highland, water is very rare！ Where to find water？ But growing these sweet
potato leaves is very simple！ After six, seven, eight months, we can dig up the
sweet potatoes to eat. And the sweet potatoes have a lot of starch and are very
nutritious for health.SupremeMasterTV:
Can you describe in detail how you grow the sesame, from plowing, to
Lập (m): Sesame, in general is very easy to grow,
because it’s drought resistant. It just costs us to plow the field After that,
we scatter them on the ground, and cover it with soil. Then they will grow by
themselves. SupremeMasterTV: What is the benefit of growing sesame
Lập (m): Because the sesame is drought
resistant, we save a lot of money！ We save on irrigation, save on labor, many
things. For example, if we cultivate crops like rice, watermelon or corn, or
others, then the investment would be about １５ to １７ million VND (US$８４５ to
US$９５８). But with sesame, the investment for １ hectare would be about ４.５ to ５
million VND (US$２６３ to US$２９２) at maximum.
Meanwhile, the market price of
the sesame is never less than ２０,０００ VND (US $１) for one kilogram！SupremeMasterTV: Please tell us, how do you cultivate
these bean crops？
Hoa (f): First we plough the field to loosen the
soil, then we make holes and sow the bean.SupremeMasterTV: Then after two and a half months, we
Hoa (f): Yes, after two and a half months, we harvest. No
need for watering.SupremeMasterTV: What
is your technique to keep the soil damp？
Hoa (f): We just sow the
bean seeds, then after they grow, their leaves spread out and keep the soil
damp. SupremeMasterTV: Do you use
fertilizer when cultivating in this soil？
Hoa (f): No fertilizer,
we don’t use fertilizer to grow bean crops.
Hòa (m): No need to
fertilize, just cover it with soil, then the beans grow by themselves. No need
for rain or irrigation. SupremeMasterTV:
So growing this crop, we get good harvest with little labor,
Bạc (m): Yes. Little labor！ The only labor is harvesting
them, because after we sow them, we weed once, and then do nothing else until
HOST (in English): Every year, Aulacese (Vietnamese)
farmers not only produce large amounts of nutritious food by way of dry farming,
but their waterless system also greatly benefits the environment as no
fertilizers or chemicals are used.
When we return, we’ll have more about
this practical agriculture technique. Please stay tuned to Supreme Master
HOST: Welcome back to Planet Earth: Our Loving Home, here on
Supreme Master Television.
The dry season in Âu Lạc (Vietnam) lasts
approximately six months. During this period, it is difficult for local farmers
to cultivate vegetables that are typically planted during the other half of the
year due to the very hot weather and water shortages.
features dry farming methods, meaning the cultivation of crops with use of
little or no water. This system is practiced in Bình Thuận province which is
located in Central Âu Lạc (Vietnam).
Let us once again meet some of the
intelligent and resourceful Aulacese (Vietnamese) farmers in this province who
are harvesting bountiful crops without water. SupremeMasterTV: What type of bean crops are you
Hiền (f): High-yield beans, also called creamy beans,
green peas, red beans, and black beans. But the most suitable is this high-yield
creamy bean. SupremeMasterTV: For bean
crops, how long before we can harvest them？
Hiền (f): About ６０
days.SupremeMasterTV: What about the
Hiền (f): If successful, then １０００ square meters can yield
about １００ kilograms or more.
Hòa (m): For green peas, at ５０ days it
begins to give flowers, and about at ６５ days we have ripe peas. Once it is ripe,
if you want to, you can harvest those that are ripe, here and there.
if you want to, you just leave it there until they all ripen, then harvest at
the same time.
It is very profitable, more profitable than rice. Because with
rice, for each １０００ square meters, after subtracting all the fees, the most we
can earn is ３００,０００ VND to ５００,０００ VND (US$１６ to US$２８), not more.
with these green peas, we cultivated an area of ２０００ square meters over there,
but only １,６００ square meters worked out, so we harvested ２００ kilograms, ４００
We harvested ２００ kilograms, ４００ kilograms, subtracted all
fees, and we still earned １ million VND (US$５６) per １０００ square
Tiến (m): Cultivating １０００ square meters of peanuts, we can earn
about ３ million VND (US$１６８) without investing anything.
benefit of dry farming is that it can significantly improve soil quality.
SupremeMasterTV: What do you grow next
after harvesting the sesame？
Lập (m): After harvesting the sesame,
we cultivate rice. After harvesting rice, we go back to sesame.SupremeMasterTV: So when you cultivate sesame between
the two rice seasons, does it degrade the soil？
Lập (m): No.
Growing sesame on any type of land like fields, hills or forests, or whatever,
is always good for soil, just like the legumes because their leaves fall down,
making the soil very porous.
It’s not like the corn or the rice. If we
grow these types a lot, then we have to add more fertilizer. But sesame leaves
make the soil porous, like did the legume’s leaves.SupremeMasterTV: Does growing this creamy bean degrade
Tư: No！ Growing this creamy bean will keep the soil
good, because after we harvest it, we plough it up, it rots and adds nutrition
to the soil.SupremeMasterTV: You mean it
becomes a natural fertilizer for planting rice later on？
Hòa (m): If you do three rice seasons consecutively, the soil would be
bad. But here we grow beans in-between rice seasons. Now that we rake and turn
the bean plants and leaves down, they rot, giving moisture and becoming
fertilizer. So first, it gives moisture; second, it fertilizes the soil; third,
it makes the soil porous, not tightly packed.
HOST: What is the quality
of dry farmed crops like？ SupremeMasterTV: What is the quality of these potato
Yến (f): Good quality. SupremeMasterTV: How about its
Bạc (m): We use these beans to make cakes, glutinous
rice, desserts, all kinds of foods.SupremeMasterTV: What about its
Hảo: The quality is very good！
HOST: Given the
many benefits that are associated with this style of cultivation, it is not
surprising that dry farming has become more and more popular in Âu Lạc
(Vietnam). SupremeMasterTV: In this
area, are there many people doing this？
Khánh (m): Yes, many
people.SupremeMasterTV: Does this way of
cultivating make people feel encouraged？ Are their lives
Khánh (m): Yes, they feel good and happy.
Using their wisdom, the Aulacese (Vietnamese) farmers of Bình Thuận province
have successfully raised many types of vegetables with little or no water. We
thank them for sharing their cultivation experiences with us. May farmers
elsewhere in the world where water is scarce also benefit from implementing
similar dry farming techniques.