Scientific paper links climate change to increased volcanic activity in Iceland. - 20 Apr 2010  
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Scientific paper links climate change to increased volcanic activity in Iceland.
The eruption of the Icelandic volcano that began last Wednesday, April 14 has continued, with a giant plume of ash that prompted a massive shut down of air travel as it spread across Europe, leaving millions of passengers stranded and uncertainty as to when flights would resume.

Bulgarian Citizen: We were stuck for 3 days at London...Siim Kallas – European Commissioner for Transport: This is unprecedented; such a long time, such a big airspace totally closed. This is of course something that cannot be very easily solved immediately.

In Iceland, the heat of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano unleashed flooding due to increased glacial melt, forcing hundreds of evacuations.

Iceland’s health officials have also advised air masks for nearby residents and that companion animals be brought indoors to protect their respiratory systems. A further concern is that the ash could contaminate drinking water.

Further volcanic activity on Monday, April 19 dashed hopes of resumed air travel in some parts of Europe, as officials stated that the new ash cloud was headed toward the United Kingdom.

The UK’s National Air Traffic Service said that the worsening situation made flights for places like Northern Ireland uncertain. In fact, as the initial volcanic ash cloud reached the eastern Canadian province of Quebec on Monday morning, Transport Canada grounded flights for some airports in Newfoundland and Labrador province.

With another volcanic plume expected to bring even more concentrated ash, further flight restrictions may be imposed for safety.

The International Air Transport Association estimates conservatively that airport closures are costing affected airlines over US$200 million per day in lost revenues, plus other costs such as care for stranded passengers or aircraft, while the German Chamber of Commerce calculated that the nation was losing US$1.3 billion daily.
Scientists monitoring the region state that Eyjafjallajökull’s initial eruption created more ash than a non-glacier volcano because the magma was pushing up through ice that was 200 meters thick.

With the glacier nearly gone now, plumes have diminished. However, the researchers caution that this recent activity could set off other volcanoes such as the massive Katla, whose glacier is more than twice the thickness of Eyjafjallajökull. Katla’s last eruption nearly a century ago caused major flooding and lasted for a year.

Also, previous experience in Iceland and other countries such as Mexico warn of disasters such as the heat of eruptions causing the volcano’s ice cap or those of nearby glaciers to melt, resulting in potentially fatal mudslides.

According to researchers Dr. Freysteinn Sigmundsson of the University of Iceland and Dr. Carolina Pagli of the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom, global warming can cause ice-capped volcanoes like Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull to more easily erupt due to the ice loss causing a release of pressure on the hot rocks beneath the Earth’s surface.

The rocks then expand and liquefy into the molten substance known as magma. With global warming over the past century causing the formation of an estimated 1.4 cubic kilometers of new magma, Dr. Sigmundsson stated, “Eventually there will be either somewhat larger … or more frequent eruptions in Iceland.”

Moreover, papers just published by the UK’s Royal Society indicate that global warming effects like melting ice, more intense storms and rising sea levels are causing other events such as rockfalls and landslides.
In fact, leading British volcanologist Dr. Bill McGuire stated that even small changes in atmospheric temperature or pressure can set off both volcanic and earthquake activity from within the planet’s crust.

Our sincere thanks, Drs. Sigmundsson, Pagli and McGuire, as well as all scientists and public officials for your factual insights and efforts to help people cope with these troubling events.

May humans everywhere move quickly to adopt sustainable lifestyles that renew the stability of our Earthly home. In a May 2009 public videoconference in South Korea, Supreme Master Ching Hai urged once more for solutions that would lessen both climate change and such distressing occurrences on the planet.

Supreme Master Ching Hai: It’s not only global warming that will be facing us. We have also sunspots exploding and it’s going to be bigger and we might have even explosive-like volcano from the middle of the Earth, from the ocean that will blow everything up.

So it’s not the technical reparation we have to concentrate on. It’s the retribution, the cause and retribution that we have to pay attention to. We just have to stop killing animals and man. We have to stop it. And then everything else will suddenly come clear. We will find better technical means to tackle the climate problem, the sunspots might even stop exploding. The ocean explosions might just stop. The typhoons might just stop.

The cyclones will be silent. The earthquakes will just be gone. Everything else will turn to a peaceful way of life because we create peace and then we will have peace.

Peace not only among humans but among all co-inhabitants. That’s why I keep emphasizing the vegetarian diet.

French explorer collects climate data in first solo balloon flight over the Arctic.
Jean-Louis Etienne, a physician and explorer who in 1986 was the first person to reach the North Pole alone, has made a premiere solo flight across the Arctic Circle in a solar-powered hot air balloon. The 63-year-old launched from Norway and landed in eastern Siberia five days after traveling a total distance of 3130 kilometers.

While in flight, he also gathered data on carbon dioxide levels and the Earth's magnetic fields.
Without much sleep during the 120 hours of his trip, Mr. Etienne observed upon his successful landing, "When you are determined, you can really do remarkable things that you thought could not be done. I surprised myself."

Our accolades, Dr. Etienne, on your unprecedented aerial voyage over the Arctic! Wishing you the best in your continued work and that such exemplary green deeds motivate us all toward greater conscientiousness and care for our fragile atmosphere.

Extra News
According to a new MARPOL international marine treaty resolution, Caribbean waters will be offered greater protection as ships traveling through the region are prohibited from discharging pollutants such as garbage, sewage or oil.

A study analyzing temperatures in India from 1901 to 2007 shows that they have been steadily increasing, with night-time temperatures rising 0.2 degrees Celsius per decade since 1970 nationwide.

Experts at the Qatar Sustainability Conference 2010 recommend that solar energy be used throughout the Persian Gulf region for cooling along with the conservation of wetlands to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Four out of 19 glaciers on Yulong Snow Mountain in Lijiang, a famous scenic spot in southwest China's Yunnan Province, have completely disappeared, with the average temperature in Lijiang city rising 1.3 degrees Celsius in the past decade alone.