The 2010 Pakistan Floods: Another Climate Change Catastrophe (In Urdu)  
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Greetings, caring viewers, to another edition of Planet Earth: Our Loving Home.
In 2009 hydrological disasters were the most frequent type of natural disaster comprising over 53% of all such events globally. Of the 180 reported hydrological disasters worldwide, 149 were floods and 31 were wet mass movements like landslides, with over 57.3 million victims.Compared to 2008, the number of persons affected increased by 27.4%. The continent with the largest occurrence of floods in 2009 was Asia .

Today we focus on the disastrous floods that occurred in the South Asian nation of Pakistan during July and August 2010. Pakistan has a varied geography that includes plains, deserts, forests, hills and plateaus.
The country can be roughly divided into three main parts – the northern uplands, the Balochistan Plateau and the Indus River plain. The majority of the nation’s population of 174 million  lives along the Indus River.

In recent years Pakistan has experienced an increasing number of natural disasters including earthquakes, floods and droughts. In October 2005, a 7.6 magnitude arthquake caused over 70,000 deaths and damaged approximately 600,000 homes.  In addition, rapid melting of the Himalayan and Hindu Kush
mountain glaciers, the world’s third largest frozen fresh water reserve  that feeds 10 important river systems in Asia, is seriously threatening the country’s long-term primary water supply.

Beginning in July 2010 the worst flooding in 80 years hit Pakistan, causing unprecedented damage in the nation. Thus far, more than 20-million people have been affected, with nearly 2,000 deaths, almost 3,000 injured and over 1.9-million homes damaged or destroyed in the disaster.  Three-quarters of the affected population live in the Sindh and Punjab provinces.

According to the website of the National Disaster Management Authority, which is a part of the Pakistani government: 『The magnitude [of the flooding] is so huge both in scale and destruction that it is more than twice than the Pakistan Earthquake 2005, Cyclone Katrina 2005, Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004, Cyclone Nargis 2008 and Haiti Earthquake 2010, all put together in terms of geographical space and population affected.』